Part 4: The Effects of Nominating Power
This section deals with the future of parties. Primaries were a step forward in their time, and still have some benefit, but in the end they are not a solution; they are less than a half-measure.
Everyone in a primary is either a party member or self-nominated; this is a severely limited menu
With what results? Always: more party candidates. What else?
The people of a republic must possess the power and the means, independent of the government and independent of all parties, to seek out and nominate their own candidates for public office.
Once the people are able to elect whatever numbers they may choose of their own freely nominated candidates, it follows that any influence parties might wield thereafter will have to be earned. Their influence will no longer be automatic, no longer total, no longer able to be casually and easily abused.
We have already acknowledged that parties will not disappear in any free republic. In fact, under the discipline of the voters, they may improve and do better than they have (i.e., be less corrupt and slanderous).
Once the people have the means at hand to keep them in line and discipline them whenever necessary, parties will likely become much more lean and efficient at serving the people.
CHAPTERS 11 THRU 13...
...are the real core of the book. This is where the breakthrough in Constitutional theory is found. Without this discovery being understood and embraced, the American republic can not long survive. And as America goes, so will go other Western democracies.
THE MISSING CORNERSTONE
This right, the Right to Nominate, is the missing cornerstone of representative government, the essential element without which the people can't exercise sovereignty. Two statements summarize this political principle:
The People Subjected
If the people do not have the power or means to nominate their own candidates, then they must necessarily remain subjected to the strategy and manipulation of those who do nominate candidates.
The People as Objects
If the people's Right to Nominate is lost, usurped or stolen, then the people lose their sovereignty and become Objects of manipulation.
When the people of a republic have lost or been deprived of their Right to Nominate, then they lose their sovereignty; and their government is almost certain to be debased: to be bastardized into manipulocracy- "government by those most skilled at manipulating the public".
This kind of republic is obviously not what the Framers tried to design. It is also not a republic that can, in the end, survive.
But sadly, it is what we have become, because of the ever-increasing effects of our not-in-the-Constitution party system. It is where we are presently mired.